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Gustave Eiffel

French engineer and entrepreneur responsible for the construction of bridges the world over, but most notably the famous tower bearing his name and the inner support structure of the Statue of Liberty.

Biographical Information

Name: Gustave Eiffel
Full name: Alexandre Gustave Eiffel
Born on 15 December 1832 in , Côte-d'Or (21), Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France, Europe
Deceased on 27 December 1923 in , Ile-de-France, France, Europe
Place(s) of activity:

Studies chemistry at the Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures


Employee at Nepveu & Cie., Paris

1857 - 1864

Engineer for the French western railway company then chief of the construction office at Pauvels & Cie.

1864 - 1866

Studies at the Suez Canal site


Founds his own engineering office;
designs and builds bridges in France, Spain, Austria, Rumania, Egypt, Peru and Bolivia

1876 - 1879

Bridge construction in Portugal for the Maria-Pia Bridge over the Douro in Porto;
Construction of portable truss bridges for the French colonies


Bridge over the Tisza near Szeged (Hungary).

1880 - 1884

Garabit Viaduct of the Truyère River in France


First studies for a 300-meter high tower


Interior support structure for the Statue of Liberty


Completion of the Tower;
Involvement in the construction of the Panama Canal and implication in the corruption scandal sourrunding it; Eiffel is acquitted of any misconduct

1900 - 1920

Research on the wind resistance of buildings, construction of a wind tunnel

Structures and Projects

Participation in the following structures & large-scale projects:

overseeing engineer


  1. Lemoine, Bertrand / Eiffel, Gustave (2006): La tour de 300 mètres. Taschen, Cologne (Germany), pp. 144.
  2. Eiffel, Gustave (1900): La tour de trois cents mètres. Société des Imprimeries Le Mercier, Paris (France).
  3. Eiffel, Gustave (1902): La Tour Eiffel en 1900. Masson et Cie Editeurs, Librarie de l'Académie de Médecine, Paris (France).

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