Neueste Entwicklungen beim baulichen Brandschutz von Straßentunneln
|Published in:||Bautechnik, May 2010, n. 5, v. 87|
Latest developments for structural fire protection of road tunnels
In the recent past it was shown that road tunnels can be damaged severely by large fires. For that reason several international research projects were carried out for further development of structural fire protection of road tunnels. Based on international research projects three national research projects were initiated by the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS) and the Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt). In the course of these projects existing temperature-time-progressions (so called "fire curves") for road tunnels, fire tests in tunnels and real fires in road tunnels were analyzed with regard to a possible application for the design of structural fire protection of road tunnels. Furthermore the temperature penetration in the tunnel lining and the load bearing capacity of usual tunnel sections were numerically examined under fire influence. Finally the influence of fiber-modified concrete on the effect of explosive spalling was investigated by means of large scale fire tests on specimens made of concrete for tunnel lining. In the following procedures and results of the national research projects are described.
|Keywords:||inner tunnel shell segment, standard cross-section, loaded fire test, test specimen, large-scale fire tests, fiber-reinforced concrete, temperature-time curve, explosive spalling effect|
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