Simple Model for Contact Stress of Strands Bent over Circular Saddles


Medium: conference paper
Language(s): en 
Conference: Challenges in Design and Construction of an Innovative and Sustainable Built Environment, 19th IABSE Congress Stockholm, 21-23 September 2016
Published in:
Page(s): 1-8
Abstract: Cable-stayed and extra-dosed bridges are today widely used bridge types. Recently, saddles have been used to deviate strands of cables in the pylons. Up to now the mechanics of strands on saddles are not well understood. It was found, that typical longitudinal contact stress distributions between strand and saddle show a strong nonlinearity and a high peak value around the detachment point, where the strand meets the saddle. This paper presents a procedure to analyse the longitudinal contact stress distribution obtained by FEM calculations: This contact stress can be idealised as a constant contact stress according to the Barlow’s formula and a contact force at the detachment point due to the flexural rigidity of the bent tension elements. An analytical model is provided to verify this contact force. Finally, a formula is presented to calculate the maximum contact stress. This study provides the basis for further research on saddle design and fatigue of strands.

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