|Other name(s):||Mersey Crossing|
|Beginning of works:||7 May 2014|
|Completion:||14 October 2017|
Multiple-span cable-stayed bridge
Cable-stayed bridge with harp system
|Function / usage:||
Prestressed concrete bridge
Awards and Distinctions
Runcorn, Halton, North West England, England, United Kingdom
Widnes, Halton, North West England, England, United Kingdom
|Coordinates:||53° 21' 9.27" N 2° 42' 43.63" W|
|total length||ca. 2 100 m|
|number of lanes||2 × 3|
|main spans||2 × 300 m|
|length||1 000 m|
|pylon 1||height||125 m|
|pylon 2||height||80 m|
|pylon 3||height||110 m|
|pylon 1||concrete volume||2 230 m³|
|pylon 3||concrete volume||1 890 m³|
Products, Services & Reports
The south pylon, tallest among the three, is the first to reach its full height of 125 meters. It is followed shortly thereafter by the northern pylon with a total height of 110 meters.
The shortest of the pylons, the central one, reaches the final height of 80 meters.
|14 October 2017||
Opened to traffic.
Excerpt from Wikipedia
The Mersey Gateway Bridge is a toll bridge between Runcorn and Widnes in Cheshire, England which spans the River Mersey and the Manchester Ship Canal. The crossing, which opened in October 2017, has three traffic lanes in each direction and is approximately 1.5 km (1 mile) east (upstream) of the older Silver Jubilee Bridge. It forms part of a wider project to upgrade the infrastructure around the Mersey crossings that includes major civil engineering work to realign the road network, change and add tolling to the Silver Jubilee Bridge, and build new interchanges together with landscaping 9 km (6 miles) of highway.
History prior to construction
When the first road bridge between Runcorn and Widnes opened in 1961 (renamed the Silver Jubilee Bridge in 1977), it replaced the Widnes–Runcorn Transporter Bridge, a 19th-century steam-powered cable-truss transporter that carried four cars in 2½ minutes across the Mersey. The replacement crossing was designed to carry 8,000 vehicles per day; however, 50 years later more than 80,000 vehicles were using the through arch bridge and surrounding road network daily, ten times ist expected capacity. A new crossing was therefore deemed both vital and necessary by Halton Borough Council. Moreover, it believed "better connectivity, more consistent journey times and improved accessibility, combined with a much improved physical urban environment would make Halton a better place to live and work, and [..] invest".
In 2001 Ramboll was appointed the lead technical consultant on the project. It worked as part of a technical advisor team composed of CH2M, Ramboll, IBI and Knight Architects, to support the Mersey Gateway Crossings Board with the technical and contractual administration of the project and to help it fulfil ist contractual obligations.
In June 2010, the project was put on hold awaiting the outcome of the Treasury's Spending Review. In October 2010 it was confirmed by Chancellor George Osborne that the £431m plan would go ahead. As part of the 2014 Budget, Osborne announced a £270m guarantee for the project.
Design and construction
After extensive site preparation, construction work began on 7 May 2014 and the bridge opened to traffic just after midnight on 14 October 2017.
The bridge has three towers that support a cable-stayed crossing over the river, while the southern approach creates a second bridge over the Ship Canal. The three towers are different heights: an 80 m (260 ft) central pylon, a 110 m (360 ft) pylon on the north side and a 125 m (410 ft) south pylon.
The crossing's total length is 2.3 km (1.4 miles) and ist river span is 1 km (0.6 miles). The deck is made from reinforced concrete with a maximum clearance of 23 m (75 ft) above the river. As the water depth was too low at this point for marine construction vessels, a 1.5 km (1-mile) trestle was built out into the Mersey to drive in the bridge's pilings.
New roads were built to connect the bridge to the highway network. An interchange and a junction were built to join the southern end to Runcorn's existing Central Expressway. On the northern side, the old route of the A563 was demolished and replaced with a dual carriageway to Speke Road. Embankments on the Widnes side were constructed from decontaminated material excavated along the route from former industrial brownfield sites: treating and reusing the material meant that it did not need to be removed from the construction zone. The new crossing was expected to improve journey times by up to 10 minutes during peak times compared to the old bridge.
A 28.5 ha (70-acre) nature reserve was established around the bridge and the surrounding riverside, managed by the Mersey Gateway Environmental Trust, an independent charity tasked with promoting biodiversity, landscape, science, and educational opportunities. This scheme, which will help conserve important ecological sites such as the Astmoor salt marshes, is part of the 1,600 ha (4,000-acre) Upper Mersey Estuary project that covers everything upstream of the Mersey Gateway Bridge as far as Warrington.
Tolls and charges
As of March 2020 the fee for an unregistered car to cross the Mersey Gateway is £2; for a van or small lorry the single charge is £6 and for a larger lorry or bus £8. Local buses (during the closure of the Silver Jubilee Bridge) and motorcycles are exempt from the tolls. There are no toll booths for payment at the bridge. The toll must be paid to Merseyflow online or via telephone before midnight on the day following the crossing, or a penalty charge will be issued. Users can register online for a prepayment account negating the need to pay tolls individually: this also gives a 10% discount on the toll. Halton residents can pay an annual £10 administration fee and make unlimited personal trips at no further cost. The Merseyflow scheme is operated by emovis Operations Mersey Ltd. On behalf of Halton Borough Council.
Halton Borough Council has stated that the Silver Jubilee bridge – although previously free to use – will require a toll like the Mersey Gateway bridge on completion of the scheme. The old bridge will be reduced to one lane in each direction for vehicles and the remaining carriageways converted to a pedestrian/cycleway. The local authority said the cost of the bridge is expected to be paid off in 25 years, at which point a review on tolls would be conducted. Chris Grayling, the UK's Transport Minister in 2017, said that he expected that once "the bridge is paid for, the tolls go".
The toll must be paid before midnight the following day or a penalty charge is issued. The penalty charge for an unpaid crossing is £20 plus the unpaid toll. Unpaid penalty charges are registered as a civil debt, recovery action begins and enforcement agents may be instructed. In December 2018, 15 months after opening, the one millionth penalty charge was issued.
Vehicle breakdown charges
If a vehicle has a breakdown whilst on the bridge, recovery is only permitted by a designated authorised company. No roadside repairs, refuelling or tyre changing are permitted unless by special permission. The recovered vehicle will be taken to an appropriate place where it will be impounded until the recovery and storage fees are paid. Fees are a minimum of £150 plus VAT for a small vehicle.
Mersey Gateway Project
The construction of the bridge has led to wider infrastructure changes. The Silver Jubilee Bridge was closed upon the Gateway's opening and will be re-opened in 2020 after repair and conversion into a toll bridge, it will also have improved access for pedestrians and cyclists.
M56 Junction 11a
In conjunction with the Mersey Gateway Project, proposals have been made to create a new junction on the M56. The aim is to improve the new bridge's connectivity in the Runcorn area, to help tackle current and future congestion, and to relieve the pressure at Junction 12. In September 2017, Highways England announced that the new junction would be located next to Murdishaw roundabout, where the A533 crosses over the M56. Work is expected to begin on Junction 11a in March 2020.
Runcorn Station Quarter
The Silver Jubilee Bridge, when re-opened, will be delinked from the ring road preventing passage to Liverpool from the A533. Halton Council has plans to redevelop Runcorn railway station to promote railway journeys between Runcorn and Liverpool. A new "Station Quarter" with retail and leisure opportunities is envisioned on the land reclaimed from the road closure.
There has been a mixed response to the new Mersey crossing, with some people welcoming the new bridge but many bemoaning the costs. Protests were staged opposing the decision to implement tolls on both crossings before the new bridge opened. Campaigners believe the extra transport costs will have a detrimental effect on the area and ist economy. Taxi drivers have complained that the toll will prove unpopular with their customers because it will mean fare rises. In the first month of opening more than 50,000 drivers received a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN). Some claimed to be unaware of how to pay the toll since no signage of how to pay was evident nor a telephone number supplied to pay the toll. One driver who repeatedly used the bridge without paying the toll received 28 PCNs totalling £616. After claims that Merseyflow was in breach of both the Consumer Rights Act 2015 and Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008, their PCNs were quashed on appeal in favour of a payment of £56 for the crossings made.
On 10 April 2018 it was announced that the outcome of an appeal against penalty charges heard by the Traffic Penalty Tribunal had concluded that the establishment of tolls and charges had not been properly implemented, as the Council had failed to correctly follow the required commencement processes and failed to properly specify the charges for use. The Council's appeal was turned down leading to annulment of charge notices in the period that the signage onto the bridge didn't comply with stated regulations.
- FCC Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas
- Kier Infrastructure & Overseas Limited
- Samsung C&T Corporation
Relevant Web Sites
- Applied Plasticity Methods for Design of the Concrete Substructure at Mersey Gateway Bridge. Presented at: Challenges in Design and Construction of an Innovative and Sustainable Built Environment, 19th IABSE Congress Stockholm, 21-23 September 2016, pp. 2021-2028. (2016):
- Design and Construction of the Mersey Gateway Bridge. Presented at: Engineering for Progress, Nature and People, IABSE Symposium, 3-5 September 2014, Madrid, Spain, pp. 1956-1963. (2014):
- Funding sought for new Mersey crossing. In: Bridge Update, n. 38 (September 2003), pp. 1, 4.
- Gateway goal. England's north west could be set for a new landmark bridge, with a decision on the proposed Mersey Gateway project expected early next year. In: Bridge Design & Engineering, v. 15, n. 57 (4th Quarter 2009), pp. 36, 39. (2009):
- Mersey bridge awaits green light. In: Bridge Update, n. 48 (December 2004), pp. 1.
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