High Speed 1
|Function / usage:||
High-speed rail line
|Other name(s):||Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL)|
|Built:||1998 - 2007|
Geographic Information & Related Structures
|total length||109 km|
|length of bored tunnels||23 km|
|number of road bridges||62|
|number of rail bridges||60|
|number of footbridges||30|
|1 (EuroTunnel - Fawkham Junction)|
|2 (Southfleet - Saint Pancras)|
|ballast||850 000 t|
|excavated material||14 000 000 m³|
|volume of earthworks||5 000 000 m³|
|design speed||300 km/h|
|cost of construction||United States dollar 5 200 000 000|
The Channel Tunnel Rail Link Act is passed by British parliament.
The Channel Tunnel Act receives Royals Assent. Waterloo is identified as England's first international train terminal.
King's Cross is chosen as second terminal by British Rail to provide additional capacity to cope with Channel Tunnel trains.
Four potential routes are identified by British Rail.
The UK government decides to involve the private sector and six consortia are invited to tender for a BOT scheme.
The Channel Tunnel Rail Link Team is set up within British Rail.
British Rail chooses the preferred corridor.
The Government decides on an alternative route developped by Ove Arup & Partners using an easterly approach.
- October 1993
The UK Government confirms most of the route and decides on Saint Pancras as the London terminus.
- March 1994
Further public consultations.
Nine bids are received to pre-qualify for a competition to select the private sector BOT promoter for CTRL.
Official opening of the Channel Tunnel.
Four consortia are pre-qualified and invited to tender: Green Arrow (JV of Hochtief, Costain, Nishimatsu, Siemens), Eurorail (BICC, GEC, HSBC Holdings, National Westminster Bank, Seeboard, Trafalgar House); LCR (Arup, Bechtel, Blue Circle, Halcrow, National Express, Virgin, Warburg); Union Link (AEG, WS Atkins, Philipp Holzmann, Mowlem, Spie Batignolles, Taylor Woodrow).
The UK Government announces an intermediate station at Ebbsfleet. The competition is launched to find the BOT consortium to build the CTRL.
Introduction of the CTRL Bill to the House of Commons.
The LCR and Eurorail consortia are shortlisted.
The announcement of the winner is postponed to allow for more time to review and revise bids.
The Channel Tunnel Treaty is signed by Margaret Thatcher and François Mitterand.
The UK Government and the LCR consortium sign the contract to design, build, finance and operate the CTRL. Ownership of European Passenger Services Ltd, the UK arm of the Eurostar train operations, is transferred to LCR.
The CTRL bill receives Royal Assent.
Creation of the Rail Link Engineering (RLE) consortium.
First tenders are issued.
Begins of advance works diverting 15 km of electricity cables und der the A2 near near Gravesend (Kent).
Construction of Section 1 begins.
Contract 420 for mid-Kent section is awarded to Hochtief/Norwest Holst, valued at around 85 million pounds.
Systemwide constact 570 (valued at 120 million pounds) for design and supply of track, overhead lins and electrical and mechanical systems for Section 1 is awarded to AMEC Spie Rail Systems.
The last contract for Section 1 - systemwide contract 550 valued at 56 million pounds - is awarded to the CCA consortium made up of CSEE Transport, Corning Communications and Amey Rail. The contract is to procure, install, test and commission the signalling, train control and communication systems.
Bridge House, a 16th century listed timber-framed house, is moved sideways (55 meters) to a new location away from the alignment of the CTRL route.
Construction of Section 2 begins.
First major contracts are awarded for Section 2. Contract 230 is awarded to Skanska Construction UK, Contract 320 to Hochtief and J Murphy & Sons.
Contracts 135, 220, 240 and 250 are awarded.
First dedicated tracks are laid at Fawkham Junction (Kent).
Completion of North Downs Tunnel, 5 months ahead of schedule and 5 million pounds below budget.
Groundbreaking for Section 2 by Transport Minister John Spellar in Stratford.
Saint Pancras extension, contract 105, is awarded. The contract is later combined with no. 108.
Contract 342 worth 120 million pounds is awarded. It covers the construction of 3.5 km of the CTRL between Thames Tunnel and Section 1 interface at Pepper Hill.
Contract 588 for the mechanical and electrical systems of Section 2 is awarded.
Track and overhead catenary systems contract 576 is awarded to ACT Joint Venture.
Carillion Rail is awarded the first maintenance contract M01 for Section 1.
Tender invitations are sent out for contracts 232 and 340 which include the Stratford and Ebbsfleet stations, respectively.
- April 2003
Section 1 is energized. The overhead current of 25 000 Volts powers the trains between Fawkham Junction and Channel Tunnel.
The Camden Council transport depot (contract 125) is opened.
The UK rail an speed record is broken by a Eurostar train reaching 334.7 km/h on Section 1.
|27 September 2003||
Opening of the first section to regular train traffic.
Testing to begin on Section 2.
Construction of Section 2 complete.
LCR = Bechtel Ltd + SG Warburg & Co + National Express Group PLC + SYSTRA + London Electricity PLC + Arup Group Ltd + Sir William Halcrow & Partners Ltd.
RLE = Rail Link Engineering = Bechtel Ltd + Ove Arup & Partners Ltd + Sir William Halcrow & Partners Ltd + SYSTRA.
Expected travel times in 2007:
- Paris to St Pancras: 2h20
- Brussels to St Pancras: 2h35
- up to 8 Eurostar Trains per hour.
Relevant Web Sites
- BBC News: Faster Channel rail service begins (28.09.03)
- BBC News: High-speed Channel link opens (16.09.2003)
- BBC News: Train smashes London-Paris record (27.09.2003)
- Channel Tunnel Rail Link
- Erik's Rail News: 208.0 mph / 334.7 km/h - Eurostar Breaks UK High-speed Record
- Halcrow: The Channel Tunnel Rail Link
- Rail-Net: CTRL Over speed testing
- Railway Technology: Channel Tunnel Rail Extension Project, United Kingdom
- TGVweb: System Maps
- UK Stationery Office: Channel Tunnel Rail Link
- CTRL Next Stop St Pancras in "New Civil Engineer", 28 June 2001
- Erster Teil der Hochgeschwindigkeitsstrecke vom Kanaltunnel nach London in Betrieb in "Bautechnik", October 2003, n. 10 v. 80
- Membrane gets large-scale application on high seed link in "Bridge Design & Engineering", 4th Quarter 2003, n. 33 v. 9
- Arup and the Channel Tunnel Rail Link in "Arup Focus", September 2003
- Ligne à grand vitesse in "Freyssinet Magazine", January 2001, n. 210
- Saint Pancras Station and Kings Cross Railway Lands in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- Contingent Boundaries - The Channel Tunnel Rail Link considered as an Architectural Ensemble in "Ancient Monuments Society Transactions", 1997 v. 41
- CTRL-Tunnelbauwerke - TBM-Vortriebe beendet in "Bautechnik", December 2004, n. 12 v. 81
- Involving the communities in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- Media relations in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- Bridges in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- The CTRL and Arup in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- Le chantier du Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) in "Tunnels et Ouvrages Souterrains", March - April 2002, n. 170
- CTRL and the environment in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- Fast track to Europe in "Bridge Design & Engineering", 4th Quarter 2000, n. 21 v. 6
- Livraison de la section 1 du TGV Tunnel - Londres in "Le Moniteur des Travaux Publics et du Bâtiment", 19 September 2003, n. 5208
- Design of piled slabs for the Channel Tunnel Railway Link (CTRL) presented at IABSE Symposium, Antwerp, Belgium, 2003.
- Ground engineering in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- Le CTRL: Liaison ferroviaire à grande vitesse entre Londres et le tunnel sous la Manche in "Travaux", April 2000, n. 763
- CTRL: liaison ferroviaire à grande vitesse entre Londres et le tunnel sous la Manche in "Travaux", December 2001, n. 781
- Project delivery in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- Vermessungstechnische Lösungen auf den Baustellen North Downs Tunnel und Brücke Medway Crossing – Hochgeschwindigkeitstrasse von London zum Eurotunnel in "Bauingenieur", June 2004, n. 6 v. 79
- Rail safety in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- Cut-and-cover tunnels in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- CTRL - Liaison ferroviaire à grande vitesse entre Londres et le tunnel sous la Manche. Lot 350 / 410: le tunnel des " North Downs " in "Travaux", July - August 2000, n. 766
- Railway engineering in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- Bored tunnels in "The Arup Journal", 2004, n. 1 v. 39
- Advancing under London in "Civil Engineering Magazine", December 2003, n. 12 v. 73