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  • International Database for Civil and Structural Engineering

Grosvenor Bridge

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General Information

Structural Type: Arch bridge
Function / usage: Road bridge
Built: 1827 - 1832

Geographic Information & Related Structures

Location: Chester, Cheshire, North West England, England, United Kingdom, Europe
Crosses
  • River Dee

Technical Information

Dimensions

rise 7.5 m
arch span 66 m
arch arch radius 43 m

Materials

arch sandstone
abutments sandstone

Chronology

1 October 1827

First stone is laid.

17 October 1832

Opening by Princess (later Queen) Victoria and the 2nd Earl of Grosvenor after whom the bridge is named.

1 January 1834

Formal opening after delay over payments to the contractor.

Notes

The stone arch was built off shuttering designed by Trubshaw having a clear span of 200feet (66m) , the largest such structure in the world at that time. The abutments were built directly onto sandstone on the North bank of the River Dee, the South side being built off a stone 'table' supported on timber piles driven into the boulder clay. The spandrels are constructed with voids to reduce the self weight.


The bridge is a grade 1 listed structure. It was built to relieve the pressure on the nearby smaller 14th Century Old Dee Bridge which is on the site of a Roman crossing. The bridge now used by heavy vehicles on the main route to Wales. It was recently assessed for EU highway loadings and shows little signs of distress since it's 1834 opening during which time there have been no significant repairs or alterations. As such it is testimony to the qualities of skill in design, construction and use of materials of the 19th Century engineers.

Participants

Owner
Client
Architecture
Engineering
Consulting
Contractor

Relevant Web Sites

Relevant Publications

Internal Information
Structure-ID: s0006492
Created: 29/10/2002
Last Updated: 22/07/2014