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Felix Candela

Biographical Information

Name: Felix Candela
Born on 27 January 1910 in Madrid, Madrid, Spain, Europe
Deceased on 7 December 1997 in Durham, Durham County, North Carolina, USA, North America
Collaborator of Juan Antonio Tonda Magallón
Place(s) of activity:

National champion skier


National champion with his rugby team

Until 1935

Studies natural sciences and architecture in Madrid

1936 - 1939

Fights on the republican side of the Spanish Civil War, emprisoned in Perpignan (France)


Arrives in Veracruz (Mexico) on June 13

1941 - 1942

Works as architect in Acapulco;
founds his own construction firm

Until 1960

around 300 works built and 900 projects, mainly thin concrete shells

Structures and Projects

Participation in the following structures & large-scale projects:



  • Candela, Felix Notes for History in "Journal of the International Association for Shell Structures", September 1979, n. 71; pp. 34-35

Relevant Publications

  • Zum Werk von Felix Candela, Rudolf Müller, Cologne (Germany), ISBN 3481004893, 1992
  • Bechthold, Martin Innovative Surface Structures, Taylor and Francis, Abingdon (United Kingdom), ISBN 0415419670, 2008
  • Billington, David P. The Tower and the Bridge, Princeton University Press, Princeton (USA), ISBN 069102393X, 1983; pp. 189-93
  • Billington, David P. & Payá Zaforteza, Ignacio La torre y el puente, CINTER, Madrid (Spain)
  • Billington, David P. & Schlaich, Jörg Der Turm und die Brücke, Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften, Berlin (Germany), 2013
  • Chilton, John Heinz Isler, Thomas Telford Publishing, London (United Kingdom), ISBN 0727728784, 2000
  • Faber, Colin Candela/The Shell Builder, Reinhold Publishing Corp., New York (USA), 1963
  • Joedicke, Jürgen Schalenbau, Karl Krämer Verlag, Stuttgart (Germany), 1962; pp. 210-237
  • Moreyra Garlock, Maria E. Félix Candela, Princeton University Art Museum, Yale University Press, New Haven (USA), ISBN 0300122098
  • Nordenson, Guy Constellations
  • Picon, Antoine L'art de l'ingénieur, Éditions du Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (France), ISBN 2858509115, 1997; pp. 106-7
  • Ricken, Herbert Der Bauingenieur, Verlag für Bauwesen, Berlin (Germany), ISBN 3345002663, 1994; pp. 212
  • Saito, Yutaka Felix Candela, TOTO Shuppan, Tokyo (Japan), ISBN 4887061234, 1995
  • Seguí Buenaventura, Miguel Félix Candela Arquitecto, Ministerio de Obras Públicas, Transportes y Medio Mabiente, Mexico City (Mexico), ISBN 8460088715, 1994
  • de Anda Alanís, Enrique X. Félix Candela 1910-1997, Taschen, Cologne (Germany), ISBN 3822837237, 2008
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